MENU
Barcelona city guide

Catalan identity

Catalan identity

In 800, Charlemagne's troops wrested parts of today's Catalonia from the Muslims of the Iberian Peninsula and gave birth to the Catalan nation. The Carolingian Empire established the Spanish March, which included the counties of Gerona, Ampurias, Barcelona-Ausona and Urgel-Sardagne.

 

This beach head of the Carolingian Empire continued to grow and develop its own identity until it eventually became an independent nation late in the 9th Century. Catalonia's great territorial expansion took place during the reign of King Jaime I (1208-1276)who extended Catalan sovereignty to Valencia and Majorca. For this reason, King Jaume I is revered as the creator of the Catalan state. Shortly afterwards Catalonia developed a true maritime empire in the Mediterranean which came to include Naples, Sicily, Sardinia and the Greek counties of Athens and Neopatria.

 

Following the dynastic union of the kingdoms of Castile and Aragon, Catalonia continued to exist as a state until the reign of King Philip V. The War of the Spanish Succession ended with the defeat of Valencia in 1707, of Catalonia in 1714, and of the last of the islands in 1715.

 

In the wake of these defeats, the new king abolished the sovereignty and the customary laws and privileges of Catalonia and attempted to impose Castilian language and customs. This situation continued to exist until the creation of the Catalan Commonwealth early in the 20th Century, followed in 1931 by the restoration of the Generalitat (the national Catalan government) and its rebirth in 1977, following the hiatus of the Franco dictatorship.

Last comment
History of catalonia
AlfonsoA gomar (15 Feb 2017 - 08:38)
Catalonia was never a nation was always part of the Kingdoom of Aragon.Jaume 1 was the King of Aragon
Add a new comment View comments

We Recommend

These are the most recommended things to do in Barcelona for your holidays.

    Hotels in the city centre

    Hotels in the city centre

    Our selection of the best hotels

    Let us show you our selection of hotels we recommend in the city centre of Barcelona! Lodging in the city centre will be the way to assure the visit of most of the major monuments by walking..

    More
  • FC Barcelona Football tickets
    09/05/2018 FC Barcelona VS Villarreal CF
    From
    155€

    FC Barcelona next match

    La Liga Tickets - 09/05/2018

    FC Barcelona tickets - La Liga
    Book now
  • Hop-on Hop-off Tours

    Hop-on Hop-off Tours

    3 main routes, 45 stops..

    Discover Barcelona at your own pace, make as many stops as you need. We offer 3 interconnected routes and 45 stops. Hop-on Hop-off tour is the easiest way to see all the sights.  

    More
     
    Bamboo Bike Tours

    Bamboo Bike Tours

    Think green, ride green !

    Discover Barcelona in a special way
    Privately guided city tours with unique bamboo bikes

    • Personal guide
    • Bamboo bicycle
    • On the 4-hour tour: 1 drink
    • On the 5-hour tour: 1 drink and tapas
    • On the 6-hour tour: 1 drink and 2-course meal
    • Helmet upon request

    Enjoy a unique experience as you ride with a personal guide just for you, your friends and family.

    www.bamboobiketour.com

    More

2 comments

  1. History of catalonia - AlfonsoA gomar (15 Feb 2017 - 08:38)

    Catalonia was never a nation was always part of the Kingdoom of Aragon.Jaume 1 was the King of Aragon

  2. bob - marley (9 Dec 2010 - 10:00)

    awessome website

Your comment has been recorded and will be published after moderation.

Close