Political institutions in Catalonia:
As an autonomous community in Spain, Catalonia has specific political institutions that have been established by its Statute of Autonomy.
The main political institutions in Catalonia are:
> The Parliament of Catalonia: This is the legislative body of Catalonia, which is responsible for drafting and passing regional laws. The Parliament of Catalonia is composed of 135 deputies elected by the people every four years.
> The Government of the Generalitat de Catalunya: This is the executive body of Catalonia, which is responsible for managing the public affairs of the region. It is headed by a president elected by the Parliament of Catalonia and is composed of councillors appointed by the president.
> The Economic and Social Council of Catalonia: This is a consultative body of the Generalitat whose mission is to advise the government on economic and social matters.
> The Audiovisual Council of Catalonia: This is the regulatory body of the audiovisual media in Catalonia, responsible for the regulation and supervision of the audiovisual media in the region.
> The Ombudsman of Catalonia: It is an independent institution whose mission is to protect the fundamental rights of citizens and to settle disputes between citizens and public administrations.
In addition, Catalonia also has several specific institutions in areas such as education, culture, health and justice, which are under the responsibility of the government of the Generalitat.
- Official languages : Catalan and Spanish.